BLOG

Web Hosting for Beginners: Your Guide to Web Hosting

By | Hosting | No Comments

When it comes to setting up a website you may encounter the need for web hosting. So what is web hosting? Why is it important? What types of web hosting can I use? All these questions may be going through your head if you’re a first time website owner. The following is your guide to web hosting and how to choose which one is the best choice for you.

What Is Web Hosting Anyway?

A website host is the term used for basically a specially designed computer which is connected to the internet and which is never shut off. When visiting a website, files are downloaded from the source machine that stores or hosts that particular website. Web hosting companies use powerful computers which are highly optimized with memory and hard disks to deliver any website files simultaneously to thousands of readers. This is beneficial for any website owner like yourself, as it allows your website to continue to run efficiently all year round.

Do I Need a Website Host?

Yes, and the best part about it is that there are many options you can look into to host your website. The different options include:

Hosted Services

Hosted servers refer to the simplest and easiest to understand hosting solutions, which create a sub-website within a larger hosting site that is mainly used for blog applications. Although there are so many hosted servers available on the internet, some of the more common ones include WordPress.com and Blogger.com.

Advantages

  • Generally feature great bandwidth speeds
  • Simple to get started and set up

Disadvantages

  • Little control over the technical side of the website
  • Doesn’t support non-approved plugins
  • Portability: Moving your website to a different host becomes tricky and difficult

Self-Hosted Services

Self-hosting is possible to do from your own internet connection at home, although you should know that most ISPs don’t approve of self-hosting, and it may violate your terms and conditions. It is a good idea to check your terms and conditions first.

Advantages:

  • Freedom to do what you want with your website
  • The ability to throw as much computing power you can at your website
  • Free to use

Disadvantages

  • Requires a high level of knowledge in computer technology
  • Requires a lot of patience to learn how it’s done
  • Your website speed all depends on your internet connection speed

Shared Hosting Services

Shared hosting refers to a hosting sever that you share with thousands of different websites. These websites are also stored within the same computer. The shared hosting option is generally for the budget conscious website owner. Usually there are many packages available with most offering unlimited bandwidth and storage along with free domain name registration—although, don’t be fooled by this: most shared hosts usually only allow basic web files, meaning that you can’t use your unlimited storage for computer backup.

Advantages

  • Affordable and great to start a website with a custom domain
  • Doesn’t require you to have lots of technical knowledge
  • Offers easy to install options for forum web apps and popular blogging apps

Disadvantages:

  • Incredibly slow
  • You will get host warnings regarding memory and CPU overuse

Virtual Private Server & Dedicated Servers

Website hosting is available with 2 top options, which include dedicated servers and virtual servers. These two server options allow you to have a whole server system to yourself. Dedicated servers are singular physical server systems which you can easily rent inside that of a data center. Virtual servers are singular virtual machines which have their own operating system.

Advantages:

  • Almost unlimited domain hosting
  • Available as one of the fastest hosting options available

Disadvantages:

  • Expensive
  • Requires a higher level of technical knowledge

Starting Out

If you’re serious about starting either a blog or a business, it is best to weigh the different options to make sure you have the right website hosting option to choose from. Some things that you may need to consider are your budget, what you will be placing on your website, and how much estimated traffic you are looking to gain. Businesses may opt for dedicated or virtual servers, while blog owners may be best served by hosted servers or shared services.

It’s important to understand that when setting up a website it does cost money, although, by becoming knowledgeable about the costs of website setup, you can easily keep it well within your budget. You also need to remember that it is a long term commitment, if you want to make it thrive, and choosing the right web hosting company to cater to your web hosting needs can really help your website thrive. So … what web hosting option did you choose?

A Guide to Understanding Bandwidth for Websites

By | Bandwidth | No Comments

Understanding bandwidth is one of the more difficult issues about technology when it comes to choosing a web hosting service while planning to create your website. You may have all sorts of questions in your head, from what it is to how much you need. Even if you aren’t new to website planning, completely understanding bandwidth can be a little overwhelming. The two main things you need to know about bandwidth include:

  • You need the right bandwidth to successfully fulfill your needs when planning a website.
  • Failure in choosing right will result in additional charges and underperformance of your website.

What Is Bandwidth?

Bandwidth is the term used to describe the level of data and traffic which is allowed to travel and transfer between the internet, user, and your site. Web hosting companies will offer different bandwidth levels. This gives you an indication of which hosting companies feature the best when it comes to systems, connections, and networks. When a web hosting company can provide more bandwidth, it means that their system, network, and connection will be better and faster than their competitors.

Your Network Connectivity

The internet consists of millions upon millions of different computers all connected by networks around the world. The larger the connection, the faster the network will be, and there will be more available bandwidth to a website. Those who have home internet connections may have already encountered bandwidth, although you would have seen it as your connection speed rather than bandwidth itself.

Within Web Hosting

When it comes to webhosting and bandwidth, you may notice at times that a site may be slower than normal or slower at certain times of the day. Web hosting is similar to a DSL connection to shared servers. When used on its own, your connection and bandwidth speed can be very powerful; however, when shared by many people on the one system, your bandwidth speed will slow to a crawl.

Assuring Site Performance under High Traffic Conditions

For those who are looking to gain increased traffic to their website, it is ideal to purchase a higher amount of bandwidth. This will allow a larger amount of people to visit your site simultaneously, while still having the opportunity to experience your website without it slowing down.

The only downside to having higher bandwidth is that it does require a very skilled professional company to manage your bandwidth when traffic levels are at an all-time high. The success of your website will be determined by how it operates under high levels of traffic. Will your website cope? Can it handle your allotted amount of visitors that your bandwidth can handle simultaneously?

Understanding your overall traffic pattern is one of the most important things to consider when it comes to choosing a suitable bandwidth plan. It is best to do research on the visitor demographic that you may likely receive. This will help you make a more informed decision about your bandwidth needs. Most businesses tend to pay for more bandwidth to assure their website provides consistent performance for all visitors throughout the day.

How Much Bandwidth Do You Need?

Working out how much bandwidth your site will need while still working within your budget really depends on a variety of factors. The following formula can help you to work this out.

The Bandwidth Formula

The following formula is suitable for websites that don’t offer file downloads and will tell you how much bandwidth you will roughly need:

Daily Visitors x Daily Page Views x Average Page Size x 31 x Tolerance Number

For websites which do offer downloadable files, the following equation should be used:

(Daily Visitors x Daily Page Views x Average Page Size) + (Daily File Downloads x Average File Size) x 31 x Tolerance Number

The Solution

This is an example of how much bandwidth you may need if your site numbers were similar to that given below:

(Daily visitors [200] x Daily page views [650] x Average page size [60]) + (Daily file downloads [10] x Average downloaded file [850]) x 31 x 2

Simplified, this gives us:

7,800,000 + 8500 x 31 x 2

Although this number looks rather large—484,127,800KB—it converts to roughly 462GB. This is the amount of bandwidth that is required for this type of website.

Considering Bandwidth and Web Design

Whether you realize it or not, your web design can affect the amount of bandwidth you may need. The more complicated and larger website designs generally require more bandwidth to help keep the site running efficiently. Bandwidth is used when a person visits your website, even when they don’t get past the homepage. In today’s world, thankfully, trends in modern web designs are now allowing for more minimalized and simplistic designs that still provide the professional edge and contemporary look without compromising your budget. It is best to talk to your web host company or IT specialist to determine your bandwidth needs for your website design. So … how much bandwidth did you need?

A Beginners Guide to Virtual Servers

By | Servers | No Comments

Anyone just stepping into setting up their own website for their business may have heard the words “virtual server.” For many people, understanding what a virtual server is and does can be a little daunting. The following is an explanation of virtual servers, how they are used, and why they may be beneficial for your business.

What Is a Virtual Server?

A virtual server is a physical machine which holds multiple software containers. Unlike traditional servers which only run one operating system, virtual servers are capable of each running their own operating system. The software containers are the actual virtual servers, and they operate and behave as if they are a separate physical computer.

How Are Virtual Servers Used?

Virtual servers are used mainly to allow multiple owners to have their own separate and secure server of which they are the administrator. In businesses, each of the functions, including application server, database server, webserver, and so on can run a virtual server which they use to power their IP address, domain name, file directories, and applications. A larger business or company may use virtual servers to combine multiple machines with a single machine that is running virtual machines.

What Are the Benefits of a Virtual Server?

Virtual servers give users like yourself many benefits. Some of the main advantages of using a virtual server include:

  • Better testing environments
  • Physical hardware redundancy
  • Resource allocation control

The combination of all these advantages creates a more efficient use when it comes to all your existing resources. This may be from physical infrastructure to human management of the server itself. Either way, it leads to a lower total cost of ownership. With virtual servers you can reduce or add the different resources, including disk space, RAM, and/or CPU as needed. This can be from another virtual server, which may not require those additional resources or which may have the resources you need.

With most virtual platforms today, you have the ability to move a live virtual server from one selected virtual host to another. The best part about this is it won’t interfere with your setup because the server doesn’t even know it has moved the host. This is beneficial for easy management of hardware maintenance without having to shut down the system for long periods of downtime.

Virtual servers also create a fantastic testing environment. This is because you can easily isolate your server from the rest of the network without the risk of interference when testing new software or internal applications.

Virtual Servers vs. Dedicated Servers

When deciding on a server, it may be difficult to determine the one that will best suit your needs. The following is a rundown on why virtual servers may be a better option than dedicated servers.

Cost

Compared to dedicated servers, virtual servers can help to save more money. This can be savings from energy consumption, human resources, or related hardware. The purchasing cost of individual servers is also much higher than that of virtual servers. This may cost you more if you’re looking to purchase multiple servers for larger businesses.

Performance

The performance of virtual servers over dedicated servers can be higher. With virtual hardware becoming faster and faster as technology evolves, you will see more and more people like yourself switching over to virtual servers for their businesses. Dedicated servers generally use roughly 20% of their overall computing capacity. Because of this it tends to be a waste of usable resources. This is why many businesses switch to the virtual server.

Time Management

Virtual servers also provide users with better time management tools that can help when it comes to reviewing and monitoring information across multiple servers. This helps to reduce the need for large human resources and reduces the risk of mistakes occurring when reviewing the system. Dedicated servers tend to be more complex, due to their hardware separation, and take more time to monitor and review.

Disaster Recovery

A great advantage of using virtual servers includes their efficient disaster recovery response. When one virtual server fails, it will signal instantly on another machine. This allows the user to quickly and efficiently address the failure as quickly as possible.

Should I Use Virtual Servers for My Business?

Yes, you should! Virtual servers can benefit businesses in one way or another. Before making the move to virtual servers, it is best to speak with your supplying IT company to address your needs and requirements for your individual business. In some cases virtual servers may not be the right choice for your company. By speaking to an IT professional you will be able to make an educated and more informed decision about whether a virtual server will improve or hinder your business strategy. So … which server did you choose?

Depletion of IPv4 Addresses and the Rise of IP Leasing

By | IP Addresses, Technology | No Comments

By: Peter K. Sidorenko, Sago Networks, Manager, Development & Marketing

The internet has become a factor in our everyday lives. It is all around us, many of the devices we encounter each day, such as computers, tablets, phones, watches, cars, satellites and a thousand more devices, are connected to the Internet.

In the early days, most people just used the Internet to search for information. Today’s Internet is a constantly evolving tool that not only contains an amazing variety of information but that also provides new ways of accessing, interacting, and connecting with people and content.

When most people think of the Internet, the first thing they think about is the World Wide Web. Today, the terms “Internet” and “World Wide Web” are often used interchangeably but they’re actually not the same thing.

The Internet is the physical network of millions of “computers” all over the world. The World Wide Web is a virtual network of websites connected by hyperlinks (or “links”). Websites are stored on servers on the Internet, so the World Wide Web is a part of the Internet. Facebook, Youtube, Google, Ebay, Hotmail, Yahoo and Craigslist are all examples of companies that have internet websites.

Now, each computer or device connected to the Internet must have a unique IP (Internet Protocol) address in order to communicate with any other systems on the Internet. IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) is the most widely used version of the Internet Protocol addressing schemes. It defines IP addresses in a 32-bit format, which looks like the familiar 123.123.123.123. Each three-digit section can include a number from 0 to 255, which means the total number of IPv4 addresses available is 4,294,967,296 (256 x 256 x 256 x 256) or 2^32.

Now that sounds like a good basic concept for a network design, but when you consider that there are over 6 billion people in the world and many people have more than one system connected to the Internet (for example, at home, school, work, etc.), it is not surprising that roughly 4.3 billion addresses are not going to be enough.

 Who is in charge?

One of the major milestones of IPv4 depletion was in February 2011 when the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) issued their final /8 blocks to each of the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) where each “/8” (pronounced “slash 8”) corresponds to 16,777,216 unique address values.

Each RIR operates as a not-for-profit, member-based association in its respective region in accordance with the laws of the country in which it is located. The five RIRs are as follows: AFRINIC (established 2005, serving Africa and based in Mauritius), APNIC (established 1993, serving Asia Pacific region and based in Australia), ARIN (established 1997, serving the United States, Canada, many Caribbean and North Atlantic islands and based in the United States), LACNIC (established 2002, serving Latin America and the Caribbean and based in Uruguay) and the RIPE NCC (established 1992, serving Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East and based in The Netherlands).

Within the ARIN region, depletion status varies depending on the needs of an organization. For some larger organizations in the ARIN region, their IPv4 address space needs going forward may exceed the amount they can currently obtain from ARIN’s remaining inventory, i.e., depletion has effectively already occurred for these organizations. For others, depletion will very soon become a reality.

At the time of this post (July 2015), ARIN holds only /24 blocks in the ARIN IPv4 free pool inventory. It is expected the ARIN IPv4 free pool inventory will deplete in full sometime around the late August of 2015 timeframe.

Starting in August, ARIN will publish the Waiting List for Unmet Requests on the ARIN public website. The information will be displayed on a dedicated page for the waiting list and will include the full waiting list order based on date/timestamp placement, qualified block sizes, and minimum acceptable block sizes.

Organizations are currently electing to accept block sizes smaller than those for which they qualified or are electing to be placed on the Waiting List for Unmet Requests. So far, 21 organizations have elected to be placed on the waiting list and ARIN expects there to be over 100 very soon.

How did this happen so fast?

Prior to the creation of the RIRs, large allocations (normally a /8 or an incredible 1/256th of the entire internet) were handed out much like candy to children, primarily to companies and universities involved with the creation of the internet.  Did MIT expect to one day have 1/256th of 4.3 billion computers on its campus?

Why did these organizations accept and why do they refuse to give back these allocations that have crippled the rest of the internet?  The answer is simple – there’s no incentive to take exactly what you need and there’s no incentive to give back any extra space in your inventory.  If anything, there’s a disincentive to do so as it may cripple your unexpected growth in the future.

The solution is simple:

Indeed it is, monetizing IP space is the only way to maintain the IPv4 pool until the next generation addressing scheme, IPv6 is implemented. This isn’t an academic argument anymore it’s a reality that is upon us. A solution must be found to keep the internet functioning and to keep the growing number of end users connected to the internet.

For the next couple of years the IP leasing market does buy the internet some time. Several companies, including Sago Networks with their www.publicipleasing.com website portal provides an immediate alternative to the Unmet Waiting List or IPv6 implementation. Sago Networks provides its customers with quality technical support and multiple IP leasing options, such as:

Short/Long Term IP Leasing:

If you have a project with short term needs we can support you with flexible leasing agreements.  Are you migrating a network or consolidating your infrastructure?

Need to grow your network? Sago Networks can support long term leasing arrangements with decreasing payment schedules to meet your budget.

Whether you need a block of 8 IPs for a week or 32,000 IPs for a year or more, Sago Networks can design an IP leasing package that reflects your specific needs.

Responsible Oversight:

Our technical support teams are active in every IP leasing agreement, fully researching and vetting our customers, so you can be confident that our IP space is unspoiled. New and clean used IP’s are available.

psidorenko@sagonet.com  |  www.sagonet.com  |  www.publicipleasing.com

Sales: (866) 366-3640 Option #3

Cell: (813) 380-2665